Gerald M. Oppenheimer


Oppenheimer, G. and Bayer, R. Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. AIDS Doctors: Voices From the Epidemic. Paperback edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002). (Selected an “Outstanding Academic Book for 2002″ by Choice, American Library Association.)

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. AIDS Doctors: Voices From the Epidemic. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. (eds.) Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs in a Free Society (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993)



Oppenheimer, GM and Bayer R, Is Moderate Drinking Protective Against Heart Disease:  The Science, Politics and History of a Conundrum (under review)

Oppenheimer, GM and Neugebauer, R, When Risk Factor Epidemiology Met Mental Health: The Narrative of Cardiovascular Disease and the Type A Personality Pattern (in press).

Oppenheimer, GM, Commentary:  AIDS and Sexuality in Ireland: Was there a Role for the Catholic Church?  American Journal of Public Health 2018;108:850-51. [REV]

Johns, DM and Oppenheimer, GM, Was There Really a “Sugar Conspiracy”?: Twists and Turns in Science and Policy are Not Necessarily Products of Malevolence,  Science 2018;359: 747-50. [REV]

Jones DS and Oppenheimer, GM, If the Framingham Study Did Not Invent the Risk Factor Who Did?  Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2017;60: 131-50. [REV]​

Oppenheimer, GM, The Social and Medical Consequences of AIDS in the US, an introduction to Jean Ashton, AIDS in New York: The First Five Years (NY: New York Historical Society, 2015).

March, D. and Oppenheimer, GM. Social Disorder and Diagnostic Order: The U.S. Mental Hygiene Movement, the Midtown Manhattan Study, and the Development of Psychiatric Epidemiology in the 20th Century, International Journal of Epidemiology 2014 (Supplement 1): i29-i42. [REV]

Oppenheimer, GM. and Benrubi, ID., Evidence, Science and Politics: The McGovern Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs and the Meat Industry’s Battle over the Diet-Heart Question (1976-1977), American Journal of Public Health 2014: 104:59-69. [REV] ), American Journal of Public Health 2014: 104:59-69. [REV] Selected by the AJPH for its award as “paper of the year.”

Oppenheimer ,GM, Colgrove J., History of Public Health, in Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 4th Edition, Bruce Jennings (ed.) (New York: Macmillan, 2014).

Oppenheimer, GM, Bayer, R. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology, Hugh R. Slotten, editor, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014, vol.1: 527-534.

Bayer R, Oppenheimer GM, Routine HIV Testing, Public Health and the USPSTF—An End to the Debate, New England Journal of Medicine 2013; 368:881-884. [REV]

Oppenheimer, G., Blackburn, H., Puska, P. From Framingham to North Karelia to U.S.Community Prevention Programs: Negotiating Research Agendas for Coronary Heart Disease in the Second Half of the 20th Century, Public Health Reviews 2011;33:452-486. [REV].

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. Routine HIV Screening: What Counts in Evidence Based Policy? The New England Journal of Medicine 2011; 365:1265-1168. [REV]

Oppenheimer, G. and Bayer, R. An Epidemic of Unknown Proportions: The First Decade of HIV/AIDS, in HIVAIDS in the Post-HAART Era. Hall J., Hall B, Cockerell, C. (eds.) (Shelton, Conn: People’s Medical Publishing House, 2011): 3-19.

Oppenheimer, G. Framingham: The First 20 Years. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 2010; 53:55-61. [REV] PMID: 20620427

Oppenheimer, G. and Bayer, R. AIDS Exceptionalism. AMA Virtual Monitor. December 2009;11:988-992.

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. Roll-out and Rationing: Providing Anti-Retroviral Therapy in South Africa. Cynthia Pope, Renee White, Robert Marlow, eds., in HIV/AIDS: Stories of an Epidemic, Routledge, 2008: 305-317. [REV]

Oppenheimer, G. and Susser, E. The Context and Challenge of Max von Pettenkofer’s Contribution to Epidemiology. American Journal of Epidemiology 2007; 166:1239-1241. [REV] PMID: 17934199

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. Scale Ups, Scarcity and Selection: The Historical Experience of Doctors in South Africa. AIDS 2007; 21 (supplement 5):543-547. [REV] PMID: 18090267

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. The AIDS Pioneers—Reflections on the Epidemic’s Early Years. New England Journal of Medicine. 2006;355:2273-2275. [REV] PMID: 17135580

Oppenheimer, G. and Bayer, R. Choosing Between Life and Death: Rationing of Health Care during the AIDS Epidemic in South Africa. in L’Épidémie du SIDA en Afrique subsaharienne. Regards historiens. Becker, Denis, eds, Paris: Karthala, 2006: 167-192. [REV]
Online edition in English. October 2006: 129-141 at the following URL: )

Oppenheimer, G. Profiling Risk: The Emergence of Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology in the U.S. 1947-1970. International Journal of Epidemiology 2006:35:515-519. [REV] PMID: 16481365

Oppenheimer, G. Becoming the Framingham Study, 1947-1950. American Journal of Public Health 2005; 95:602-610. [REV] PMID: 15798116

Oppenheimer, G., Bayer, R., Colgrove, J. Public Health and Human Rights: Old Wine in New Bottles? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2002; 30:522-532. [REV] PMID: 12561261

Oppenheimer, G., Rosner, D. Two Lives, Three Legs, One Journey: A Retrospective Appreciation of Zena Stein and Mervyn Susser. International Journal of Epidemiology 2002; 31: 49-53. [REV] PMID: 11914293

Oppenheimer, G. Paradigm Lost: Race, Ethnicity and the Search for a New Population Taxonomy. American Journal of Public Health 2001; 91: 1049-1055. [REV] PMID: 11441730

Oppenheimer, G. and Bayer, R. Wrestling with An Epidemic: An Oral History of AIDS Physicians 2000;

Fairchild, A. and Oppenheimer, G. Public Health Nihilism versus Pragmatism: History, Politics, and the Control of Tuberculosis. American Journal of Public Health 1998;88: 1105-1117. [REV] PMID: 8659665

Oppenheimer, G. and Padgug, R. Health Care Financing, in Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, Academic Press, 1998.

Oppenheimer, G. Prematurity as a Public Health Problem: Policy in the U.S. from the 1920s-1960s. American Journal of Public Health 1996; 86:870-878. [REV]

Oppenheimer, G. Epidemiology and the Liberal Arts: Toward a New Paradigm? Commentary. American Journal of Public Health 1995; 85:918-920. [REV] PMID: 7604913

Green, J., Oppenheimer G., Wintfeld D.N. The $147,000 Misunderstanding: Overstating the Costs of AIDS. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 1994; 19:67-90. [REV]PMID: 8014423

Padgug, R., Oppenheimer, G., Eisenhandler, J. AIDS and Private Health Insurance: A Crisis of Risk Sharing. Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 1993; 5:35-51. [REV]

Oppenheimer, G. To Build a Bridge: The Use of Foreign Models by Domestic Critics of U.S. Drug Policy. Milbank Quarterly 1991; 69:495-526. [REV] PMID: 1805117

Oppenheimer, G. and Padgug, R. AIDS and the Crisis of Health Insurance, in AIDS and Ethics, Frederick Reamer, editor, Columbia University Press, 1991.

Oppenheimer, G. Causes, Cases and Cohorts: The Role of Epidemiology in the Historical Construction of AIDS, 1980-1989 in AIDS: The Making of a Chronic Disease, Elizabeth Fee and Daniel M. Fox, editors, University of California Press, 1991.

Padgug, R. and Oppenheimer, G. Riding the Tiger: AIDS and the Gay Community in AIDS: Making of a Chronic Disease, Elizabeth Fee and Daniel M. Fox, editors, University of California Press, 1991.

Padgug, R. and Oppenheimer, G. AIDS, Health Insurance and the Crisis of Community. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy 1990; 5:35-51. [REV] PMID: 11650437

Oppenheimer, G. History of the Medical Care of Children in the United States: A Review. Trends in History 1988; 4:103-128. PMID: 11618228

Oppenheimer, G. “In the Eye of the Storm: The Epidemiological Construction of AIDS in AIDS: The Burdens of History, Daniel M. Fox and Elizabeth Fee, editors, University of California Press, 1988. [REV]

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. AIDS in the Workplace: The Ethical Ramifications” in AIDS: Ethics and Public Policy, Christine Pierce and Donald VanDeVeer, editors, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1988: 129-137. (Reprinted from Business and Health.)

Oppenheimer, G. and Padgug, R. AIDS and Health Insurance: Social and Ethical Issues. AIDS and Public Policy Journal 1987; 2:11-14. [REV] PMID: 11650058

Co-author of Financial Issues in the Care of Children with HIV Infection in Report of the Surgeon General’s Workshop on Children with HIV Infection and Their Families. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1987.

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer G. Year End Update, AIDS Discrimination. Business and Health 1986; 16:45. PMID: 11649981

Neugebauer, R., Oppenheimer, G. and Susser, M. Seizures in Public Places: Emergency Assistance by the New York City Police Department for Persons with Seizures. American Journal of Public Health 1986; 76:1115-1119. [REV] PMID: 3740336

Oppenheimer, G. and Padgug, R. AIDS: The Risk to Insurers, The Threat to Equity. Hastings Center Report October 1986; 16:18-22. [REV] PMID: 3771196

Bayer, R. and Oppenheimer, G. AIDS in the Workplace: The Ethical Ramifications. Business and Health 1986; 3:30-34. 10275291

Zubin, J., Oppenheimer, G., Neugebauer, R. Degeneration Hypothesis and the Stigma of Schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 1985; 20:1145-1148. [REV] PMID: 3902104

Oppenheimer, G., Neugebauer, R., Zayac, S. and Susser, M. Seizure Patients in an Emergency Room in a New York City Black Community. Neuroepidemiology 1984; 3:40-51. REV]

Schacter, M., Oppenheimer, G., Cannoodt, L.and Sieverts, S. An Elective Surgery Second Opinion Program. Quality Review Bulletin 1983; 9:3-19. Reprinted in Quality Review Bulletin, Tenth Anniversary Issue 1984; 10:539-545. [REV] PMID: 6403901



  • MPH in Epidemiology from Columbia University, New York, NY
  • PhD in History from University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  • BA in Political Science and History from City College of New York (CUNY), New York, NY


Research Interests

History of public health and epidemiology, health policy and ethics, evidence-based public health, oral history



Gerald M. Oppenheimer